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The great cannabis strains: Haze, Skunk, Kush and Diesel

Usually, we tend to refer to cannabis as if it were one specific plant. Yet, like tea, cannabis is broken down into a myriad of subdivisions of the same genetic make-up. In short, cannabis refers not so much to a single plant but, more extensively, to a collection of plants that all belong to the same plant order.

Even if, on the whole, all varieties of cannabis are attributed to the same methods of consumption, one should not expect them to be identical to each other. Just as tea is brewed or enjoyed as a herbal tea regardless of the variety, you will not taste two that are similar. In this article, we invite you to discover the most famous varieties of hemp.

The different families of cannabis

Before we look at the subdivisions that depend on them, it is important to know that the cannabis families refer to 2 particular genetic groupings. These then refer to the sativa family and the indica family. In their natural state, these plants serve as the basis for numerous genetic crosses resulting in the constitution of subspecies that are particularly prized for tasting.

These 2 major cannabis families are found in different parts of the world. Geography thus shapes their particularities. The cannabis sativa varieties can be found in equatorial regions, around Thailand, Colombia or in some African countries. In contrast, the variety indicas are found in arid and mountainous territories. They are therefore naturally found in Morocco, Afghanistan or even Nepal.

The indica family is characterised by its anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. For its part, the sativa variety is more renowned for its very high levels of THC and CBD, which maximise the benefits of hemp.

Because of their different properties, many crosses have been made between these 2 species. The various experiments have resulted in different effects depending on the percentage of sativa or indica present in the plant. Thus, it is possible to find mixtures with 25% indica for 75% sativa, as well as others with the opposite ratio. From these simple variations in the rate of what makes up each hybrid, the result will only be radically different.

From just 2 species, a wide range of subspecies - also grouped into specific categories - could emerge. These number in the dozens, and their sub-varieties are ever more numerous. All that is called cannabis is in fact the result of a family tree with many branches, whose two roots are based on the sativa and indica families.

What makes cannabis strains different?

These scientific mixtures make for ever more surprising cannabis varieties. However, they do not all fit into an anarchic categorisation. In fact, each cannabis variety answers to a name that refers to certain specific characteristics.

These particularities are all elements that make it possible to distinguish the varieties from one another with regard to precise criteria. These include the shape of the flowers, their texture, the size of the plants, the scents emanating from them, the effects felt and even other characteristics that are sometimes specific to a particular variety.

CBD flowers can be domed, open and resinous. As for the size of the plants, these depend on the environment to which they will have been exposed. Depending on season, temperatures, their hydration, the presence or absence of sunlight but most importantly, whether they have been grown indoors or outdoors, each cannabis variety will respond differently to its direct environment.

In addition, genetic crossing of certain cannabis strains allows for multiple flavours. Depending on the terpene involved in their hybridization, a flower of a cannabis subspecies may have a sweet, fruity, woody, minty, spicy or relating to other even more exquisite fragrances. Multiplying cannabis strains are all opportunities to try out new delectable and intoxicating scents.

Finally, it's important to know that each cannabis variety that fits into a labelled family provides very different effects from one to another. Each family, with its sub-varieties, may even vary the intensity of the effects experienced and cross-reference them with each other. Cannabis hybrids lend themselves to all kinds of mixtures, starting with the most daring.

The great strains of cannabis

As a result of the many genetic crosses made in recent years, there are now many, many varieties of cannabis on the market. Among the most famous, most consumed, most sought after and most iconic, there are 4 that stand out from the crowd. These are Haze, Skunk, Kush and Diesel. All of them have their own history but more importantly, their own characteristics.


Grown mostly in California and has been since the 1960s, Haze is one of the main cannabis strains to hit the market. It was discovered by chance through an unintentional cross between two cannabis species. This impromptu cross then materialised as a species with very strong sativa dominance.

Due to its genetic makeup, this cannabis strain has a very high THC content unlike any other sativa strain. This results in very intense effects accompanied by lemony and spicy aromas. Incidentally, the term "haze" refers to the fact that the mind is clouded by its soaring and relaxing effects.


Etymologically speaking, "skunk" is an English term meaning "skunk". This appellation refers to the very strong odour of this variety of cannabis. A smell nevertheless nuanced by its sub-varieties that have grafted sometimes lemony smells onto it.

Skunk comprises a large share of indica and is considerably rich in CBD at the expense of a very low THC content. It is therefore particularly recommended for relaxing and enjoying soothing and anti-inflammatory medicinal effects.


Kush takes its name from a region in Pakistan in which it grows. This variety, dominantly indica, is renowned for its extreme resistance to the elements. Such a characteristic naturally predisposes it to grow in the most arid and even coldest regions of the world provided it is well cared for.

Kush is known to be valued for its measured THC and CBD levels, allowing it to provide balanced effects and keep its consumer perfectly lucid. Despite the harsh climate in which it was grown, Kush seduces with its almost tropical fruity smells.

The Diesel

While not as genetically pronounced a variety as the other 3, Diesel can be retained as a sub-cross of Kush. But this sub-variety exemplifies the original so well that it is ultimately a cannabis family in its own right.

Diesel gets its name from its invigorating effects which act as a fuel capable of energising the body. Many consumers use it for its anti-anxiety properties that effectively combat stress and anxiety. Properties that Diesel owes to its indica dominance.

Of course, there are other cannabis families in the world, including those with ruderalis in their genetic base. By introducing you to their history and origins, we hope that your experience with CBD is rich and optimal.

Les articles et autres fiches produits en ligne sur notre site web ne représentent en aucun cas des conseils médicaux. Avant toute consommation d'un produit CBD nous vous conseillons de prendre contact avec votre médecin et de lui demander son avis.
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